De Vries, B., & Van der Meij, H. (2003). Using e-mail to support reflective narration. International Journal of Educational Research, 39(3), 829-838.
The article presents an exploratory study on e-mail use for reflective narration. Narration is viewed from three perspectives: the narrating act, the narrative statement, and the story. These perspectives are used to characterize the 69 e-mails that were exchanged between 13 groups of children from three primary schools. The findings show that e-mail narration has monologic and dialogic qualities, and leads to cognitive and personal reflections on the learning task. We conclude that e-mail can serve a meaningful function in a narrative curriculum aimed at experiential inquiry. In addition, we suggest a need for future research that adopts a broad view on learning that includes different kinds of dialogues and values affective as well as cognitive aspects of these dialogues.
Note: In 2004 Bregje de Vries completed her doctoral thesis titled Opportunities for reflection: E-mail and the web in the primary classroom. The thesis can be downloaded from: